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Dimethyl Formamide

CAS : 68-12-2

Dimethyl Formamide


Dimethyl formamide appears as a water-white liquid with a faint fishy odor having chemical formula HCON(CH3)2. It is widely used in industries as a solvent, an additive, or an intermediate because of its extensive miscibility with water and most common organic solvents.

Dimethyl Formamide


Appearance Clear Liquid
 Color (APHA) 3.0
 pH at 25°C in 20% solution 7.0
 Conductivity in 20% water @ 250C 0.80
 Dimethyl Form amide Content (%wt.) 99.98
 Water Content (%w) 0.005
 Methanol Content (%wt.) < 0.001
 Acidity as Formic Acid (mg/kg) 4.0
 Base as DMA (mg/kg) 1.0
 Iron ppm 0.010


·       Dimethyl formamide is commonly used as a solvent.

·       It is used as a reagent in Bouveault aldehyde synthesis and also in Vilsmeier-Haack reaction.

·       It acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of acyl chlorides.

·       It is used for separating and refining crude from olefin gas.

·       DMF along with methylene chloride acts as a remover of varnish or lacquers.

·       It is also used in the manufacture of adhesives, fibers and films.

·       DMF penetrates most plastics and makes them swell. Because of this property DMF is suitable for solid phase peptide synthesis and as a component of paint strippers



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