Cyclohexane is an alicyclic hydrocarbon comprising a ring of six carbon atoms with molecular formula C6H12. Cyclohexane appears as a clear colorless liquid with a petroleum-like odor. It is insoluble in water and is volatile in nature.
|Color, Pt.-Co scale||5|
|Specific Gravity 15.56/15.56°C||0.7835|
|Density 15°C kg/m||783.2|
|Distillation at 760mmHg||-|
|Initial Boiling Point °C||80.5|
|Dry Point °C||80.8|
|High Boiling Point Hydrocarbon wt. %||0.0198|
|Nonvolatile Matter mg/100mL||0.3|
|Total Sulfur wt. ppm||LT 0.1|
|Copper Corrosion 100°C , 30min||Pass|
· Over 98% of the cyclohexane produced is used to make nylon intermediates: adipic acid (60%), caprolactam, and hexamethylenediamine .
· It is used as a solvent for lacquers, resins and synthetic rubber.
· Cyclohexane is also used in manufacturing of solid fuel for camp stoves and and in fungicidal formulations (possesses slight fungicidal action).
· The industrial recrystallization of steroids also requires cyclohexane