1, 4-Dioxane is a colorless, highly flammable hygroscopic liquid with a mild, sweet ether-like odor. It is infinitely soluble in water and most organic solvents (i.e., alcohol, ether, acetone, benzene, acetic acid). It is also miscible with aromatic hydrocarbons and oils. 1, 4-Dioxane is stable, incompatible with oxidizing agents, oxygen, halogens, reducing agents, moisture.
|Color (APHA)||Less than 5|
|Density (20°C) (g/cm3)||1.033|
|Water Content (%)||0.01|
|Acidity (as Acetic Acid) (%)||Less than 0.001|
|Initial Point (°C)||101.5|
|Dry Point (°C)||102.5|
|Freezing Point (°C)||11.8|
|Purity (%)||More than 99.95|
1, 4-Dioxane is used primarily as a solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquers, cosmetics, deodorants, cleaning and detergent preparations, and in liquid scintillation counting mediums. There is also the potential for use it as a solvent in the processing of crude petroleum, petroleum refining, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, explosives, commercial printing, electroplating/polishing, pesticides, dyes, fibers, pharmaceuticals, veterinary drugs, adhesives, semiconductors, electronic components, photographic equipment, magnetic recording media, polymers, plastics, rubber manufacture, organic and inorganic chemical manufacture.
In the laboratory, 1, 4-dioxane is useful as a cryoscopy solvent for molecular mass determinations and as a stable reaction medium solvent in chemical synthesis, research and analysis. Because of its lower toxicity, it is sometimes substituted with tetrahydrofuran (THF) in some processes
1, 4-Dioxane often has been used with chlorinated solvents or volatile organic compounds (VOCs). It is primarily used as a stabilizer and corrosion inhibitor for 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane for storage and transport in aluminum containers.
WETTING AND DISPERSING AGENT
1, 4-Dioxane is also used as a wetting and dispersing agent in textile processing
· Preparation of histological sections for microscopic examination.
· Extracting agent.
· Analytical reagent for the laboratory use
210 Kg of Drums